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U.S. Geological Survey Manual

SM 445-2-H CHAPTER 4

Occupational Safety and Health Standards, Procedures, and Guidelines

Instruction:  This chapter is revised to remove environmental standards and guidance and to include additional safety and health standards and guidance.

1.  Purpose.  To specify the minimum Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) Program requirements for the development and adoption of occupational safety and health standards, guidelines, and procedures.

2.  References.

A.  Public Law 91-596, Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970.

B.  Executive Order 12196, Occupational Safety and Health Programs for Federal Employees.

C.  Title 29, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1960.

D.  Public Buildings Act of 1959 as amended, Section 21, Compliance with Nationally Recognized Codes.

3.  Requirements.

A.  The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) will comply with the Department of the Interior (DOI), Occupational Safety and Health Administration, other Federal agency, Executive Order 12196, and adopted national consensus standards.  If conflicts exist among these standards, the most appropriate requirement as determined by the OSH Safety Manager will be used.  The USGS may establish more stringent requirements.

B.  If standards do not exist, the USGS Occupational Safety and Health Management Branch may develop them, using the following process:

(1)  The USGS Director notifies the Secretary of the Interior of the intent to develop an alternate standard.  

(2)  The proposed standard is provided for comment to all affected parties.

(3)  The final draft is sent through the DOI Chief, Office of Occupational Safety and Health, and the DOI DASHO to the Secretary of Labor.  The final draft package will include written comments received.

(4)  Upon the Secretary of Labor approval, the standard may be adopted by DOI and USGS.

C.  When USGS personnel work jointly with other Federal agencies and conflicts exist between the agency standards, the most stringent standards will apply unless an agreement is reached between the agencies.

D.  USGS personnel will comply with adopted standards, laws, and regulations of State/local governments, when they do not conflict with more stringent DOI or USGS standards.

E.  Special requirements applicable to and adopted by the USGS include:

(1)  Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU).

(2)  Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety Act of 1986, as amended.

(3)  State Commercial Motor Vehicle regulations for Commercial Driver License.

(4)  Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices.

(5)  Service Contract Act of 1965, as amended.

(6)  5 United States Code (U.S.C.) 43 Performance Appraisal, 45 Incentive Awards, 7902 Safety programs, and 7903 Protective clothing and equipment.

(7)  16 U.S.C. 1701-1706 Youth Conservation Corps Act.

(8)  18 U.S.C. Crimes and Criminal Procedure, Chapter 44 Firearms.

(9)  43 U.S.C. 1457 Duties of the Secretary.

(10)  46 U.S.C. 2101 General definitions.

(11)  5 CFR Parts 430 Performance Management and 451 Agency Awards.

(12)  10 CFR Energy.

(13)  14 CFR Aeronautics and Space (Parts 1 – 59, 60 – 109, 110 -199).

(14)  21 CFR Part 1040 Performance standards for light-emitting products.

(15)  24 CFR Part 35 Lead-based Paint Poisoning Prevention in Certain Residential Structures (Subparts B through R).

(16)  27 CFR Parts 447 Importation of Arms, Ammunition and Implements of War, 478 Commerce in Firearms and Ammunition, and 479 Machine Guns, Destructive Devices, and Certain Other Firearms.

(17)  29 CFR Labor (Parts 570, 1910, 1915, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1925, 1926, 1928, and 1960, as amended).

(18)  29 CFR 1910.1450 Appendix A, National Research Council Recommendations Concerning Chemical Hygiene in Laboratories, including recommendations from the U.S. Chemical Safety Board.

(19)  33 CFR Subchapter F Vessel Operating Regulations and Subchapter S Boating Safety.

(20)  36 CFR 1191 Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities: Architectural Barriers Act Accessibilities Guidelines and 1192 Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines for Transportation Vehicles.

(21)  41 CFR Parts 101 Federal Property Management Regulations and 102 Federal Management Regulation.

(22)  42 CFR Part 84 Approval of Respiratory Protective Devices.

(23)  46 CFR Subchapter C Uninspected Vessels, Subchapter I Cargo and Miscellaneous Vessels (Parts 90 - 105 and Parts 107 - 109), Subchapter S Subdivision and Stability, Subchapter T Small Passenger Vessels, and Subchapter U Oceanographic Research Vessels.

(24)  48 CFR Federal Acquisition Regulations System (Parts 1 – 51 and 52 - 99).

(25)  49 CFR Parts 100-185 Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, Department of Transportation.

(26)  U.S. Coast Guard Commandant Instruction M16672.2D Navigation Rules (International-Inland).

(27)  Department Manual (DM) Parts 350-353 Aviation Management.

(28)  DM Part 485 Safety and Occupational Health Program.

(29)  485 DM 18 Occupational Medicine Program Handbook.

(30)  DOI Handbook to Guide Completion of the Safety and Occupational Health Program Evaluation Tool, March 2010.

(31)  DOI Safety Management Information System.

(32)  Office of Aviation Services Operational Procedures Memoranda.
(33)  Aviation Life Support Equipment Handbook.

(34)  Interagency Aviation Transport of Hazardous Materials Handbook.

(35)  Survey Manual (SM) 402.3 Requisition for Procurement of Goods and Services.

(36)  SM 402.5 Procurement Specifications.

(37)  SM 404.10 Requisitions for Contracts and Assistance Awards.

(38)  SM 408-2-H Property Handbook.

(39)  SM 440-2-H Physical Security Handbook.

(40)  SM 445-3-H Safety and Health for Field Operations Handbook.

(41)  SM 500-23-H USGS Volunteer for Science Handbook.

(42)  Techniques of Water-Resources Investigations Reports, USGS.

(43)  A Guide to Safe Field Operations, Open-File Report 95-777.

(44)  Guidelines for Handling Birds to Prevent Spread of West Nile Virus, USGS National Wildlife Health Center.

45)  Health Information for International Travel (Yellow Book), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, latest revision.

(46)  Updated U.S. Public Health Service Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis. MMWR 2001; 50 (No. RR-11), CDC.

(47)  Occupational Exposure to Hot Environments, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Revised Criteria 1986.

(48)  Occupational Safety and Health Guidance Manual for Hazardous Waste Site Activities, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Coast Guard, and Environmental Protection Agency; October 1985.

(49)  American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices (latest edition).

(50)  American National Standards Institute 107, A117.1, C95.1, N43.2, N43.3, Z10, Z87.1, Z89.1, Z136.1, Z136.6 (latest editions).

(51)  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers SA-C95.3.1 and C95.7 (latest editions).
(52)  International Building Code (latest edition).

(53)  International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (current version).

(54)  National Fire Protection Association 1 , 45, 51B , 70 , 70E , 101 , 306 , 326 , and 495 (latest editions).

(55)  Prudent Practices in the Laboratory - Handling and Management of Chemical Hazards.

(56)  Roger L. Brauer, Safety and Health for Engineers, current edition,published by John Wiley and Sons.

(57)  National Safety Council, Accident Prevention Manual for Business and Industry, Administration and Programs, current edition.

/s/ Katherine McCulloch                                                                    August 31, 2015
______________________________________________                ________________
Jose R. Aragon                                                                                 Date
Associate Director for Administration

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