USGS publishes an array of scientific products including maps, reports, data and models. Those pertaining to Hurricane Sandy can be found here. You can also find maps, imagery and publications or visit the USGS Publications Warehouse.

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Hurricane Season

USGS Tracks Evolution of a Fire Island Hurricane-Made Breach

10/10/2017 A study finds that although the “wilderness breach” created by Hurricane Sandy in 2012 has reached a relatively stable size and location, the channel and shoals will keep changing in response to weather. Related research shows the breach isn’t likely to increase storm-tide flooding in Great South Bay.

Hurricane Season

As Hurricane Season Opens, USGS Is Ready

06/01/2017 Scientists work in the field before, during and after landfall to improve forecasting and recovery.

Tides Hit Some Parts of the New Jersey Coast Harder Than Others

Location Matters: Sandy’s Tides Hit Some Parts of the New Jersey Coast Harder Than Others

11/17/2016 USGS researchers ground-truthed Hurricane Sandy's October 2012 storm tides in New Jersey and found northern coastal communities had significantly higher storm tides than southern ones did, though flood damage was widespread in both areas. The findings suggest that some southern New Jersey communities may be underestimating their future flood risks.

Four Years After Sandy

Four Years After Sandy: Updates from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS)

10/27/2016 The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is investing $45 million in 28 science and research projects that advance scientific capabilities to improve our Nation’s resilience to coastal change impacts related to storms, climate change and sea-level rise. As outlined in the USGS Hurricane Sandy Science Plan, a comprehensive approach to research on the impacted areas, USGS is improving forecasts and understanding of storm impacts on coastal communities and ecosystems, and designing tools to assist future management and enhance natural resource health.

Highlighted Projects of 2016

USGS Highlighted Projects of 2016

10/26/2016 “The Surge, Wave, and Tide Hydrodynamics (SWaTH) Network;” “Guidance for Coastal Management and Planning: Building on Extensive Knowledge at Fire Island;” and, “Forecasting Coastal Change Hazards: A New Online Portal to Help Resource Managers”

2016 Hurricane Season

This hurricane season, scientists bring wave action into the picture

06/01/2016 New USGS models help predict storm effects on beaches: As the 2016 hurricane season opens, weather forecasters, emergency managers and coastal residents have access to tools developed by the U.S. Geological Survey that predict, more precisely than ever, where beach erosion and beachfront flooding will take place during hurricanes and other storms.

Three Years Later

Hurricane Sandy: Three Years Later

02/01/2016 Three years after Hurricane Sandy ravaged the Atlantic coast, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) continues to help Americans prepare for future extreme storms.

Image of dredging channels in a flooded marsh to improve water flow and drainage at Prime Hood National Wildlife Refuge

Hurricane Sandy: 3 Years of Recovery

10/26/2015 The U.S. Department of Interior's Blog and links to stories and imagery: Since 2012, Interior has invested $787 million in hundreds of projects to clean up and repair damaged wildlife refuges and national parks; restore coastal marshes, wetlands and shorelines; improve flood control; and increase our scientific understanding of how these natural areas are changing. For specific USGS projects see:

Image of USGS hydrogolist checking to make sure there are no obstructions blocking the sensor housing pipe

2015 Hurricane Season is Upon Us

6/1/2015 Scientists at the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) are prepared, with improved tactics, continued research and new technology to face a hurricane head on.

Image of adult piping plover

Shorebird Science? iPlover is the App for That

5/4/2015 The latest tool designed to help manage the threatened piping plover is only a download away.

Image of USGS storm tide sensor

North Carolina Storm-Tide Sensor Network Strengthened

3/12/2015 Vital coastal storm-tide information needed to help guide storm response efforts following major storms affecting North Carolina will be more accessible than ever due to a new monitoring network the U.S. Geological Survey is currently building. See related coverage:

Report cover for DS 858

Hurricane Sandy coastal aerial photographs available online

9/19/2014 The collection includes photographs of the Atlantic shoreline from Cape Lookout, NC, to Montauk, NY taken from November 4th to 6th, 2012.

See the new Data Series 858, Post-Hurricane Sandy Coastal Oblique Aerial Photographs Collected from Cape Lookout, North Carolina, to Montauk, New York, November 4-6, 2012

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The USGS Congressional Briefing Series: #StrongAfterSandy—The Science Supporting the Department of the Interior's Response

9/12/2014  Hurricane Sandy in October 2012 devastated some of the most densely populated areas of the Atlantic Coast. The storm claimed lives, altered natural lands and wildlife habitat, and caused millions of dollars in property damage. Hurricane Sandy is a stark reminder of our Nation's need to better protect people and communities from future storms. To inform the Department of the Interior's recovery efforts, the U.S. Geological Survey, National Park Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are collectively developing and applying science to build resilient coastal communities that can better withstand and prepare for catastrophic storms of the future.

Date: Friday, Sept. 19, 2014
Time: 11:00 a.m.
Location: 2325 Rayburn House Office Building, Washington, D.C.

National Fish and Wildlife Foundation – Dr. Claude Gascon, Executive Vice President and Chief Science Officer, emcee
U.S. Geological Survey – Dr. Neil K. Ganju, Research Oceanographer
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service – Eric Schrading, Field Office Supervisor, New Jersey Field Office
National Park Service – Mary Foley, Chief Scientist, Northeast Region
Partner Host: National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

See the new Fact Sheet, Using Science to Strengthen our Nation’s Resilience to Tomorrow’s Challenges—Understanding and Preparing for Coastal Impacts

photo of wetland

Integrating Assessments of Storm-Induced Physical Changes Across Coastal Ecosystems

8/25/2014  The Barrier Island and Estuarine Wetland Physical Change Assessment project is integrating a wetland assessment with existing coastal-change hazard assessments for the adjacent dunes and beaches, and will focus, initially, on Assateague Island, Maryland, to create a more comprehensive look at coastal ecosystem vulnerability.

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News Releases: Strengthening Storm-Tide Sensor Networks. Providing real-time coastal flooding data critical to emergency managers

7/30/2014  The USGS is currently building new monitoring networks to enhance coastal storm-tide information following major storms affected by Hurricane Sandy. A network of about 1,000 sites ranging from coastal gaging stations to rapidly deployable temporary storm-tide, wave and barometric-pressure sensors will provide capabilities for recording storm tide, surge, and wave hydrologic information from the coast and inland to the point of peak inundation. Such information is vital to storm response efforts. You can see the network here and monitor progress as sensors are being installed. See news releases by state: Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, D.C., Virginia

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Media Advisory: USGS to Host Congressional Briefing: Safer Communities, Stronger Economies - in 3D

7/22/2014  A coordinated effort among Federal, State, local government and the private sector could meet our country’s needs for high-quality, 3D elevation data in just 8 years.

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News Release: What's the Deal with 3DEP?

7/17/2014  USGS Hosts Congressional Briefing on 3-DEP Partnerships and Capabilities: Safer Communities, Stronger Economies - in 3D.

Houses in Rodanthe, NC, are left in the waves at the ocean’s edge following the passage of Hurricane Isabel, which made landfall as a category 2 storm in the Outer Banks on September 18, 2003.

Science Feature: Science Brings Clarity to Shifting Shores

7/16/2014  The Coastal Change Hazards Portal is a new tool that represent decades of coastal change research collected in one place. You can see what your beach used to look like 50, 100 or 150 years ago and what it might look like in the future.

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USGS Press Release: Hurricane Sandy Impacts Did Not Contribute to Subsequent Storm Flooding

5/27/2014  Study shows that flooding in coastal areas bordering Great South Bay, N.Y. and Barnegat Bay, N.J. caused by winter storms that occurred following Hurricane Sandy was not influenced by changes Sandy made to barrier islands or other bay features. The study, “Water-level response in back-barrier bays unchanged following Hurricane Sandy,” by Aretxabaleta, A.L., Butman, B., and Ganju, N.K., is in the Geophysical Research Letters journal and available online.

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News Release: Decade of Fire Island Research Available to Help Understand Future Coastal Changes

12/17/2013 A new resource about Fire Island, N.Y. is now at the fingertips of coastal managers, planners and the public that will be useful for understanding and predicting future change on the island.

 Large waves crashed over sand barriers, destroying the decks of homes along the beach on Plum Island during a storm last winter.
News Release: 'Sand wars' come to New England coast

12/15/2013 Sand is becoming New England coastal dwellers’ most coveted and controversial commodity as they try to fortify beaches against rising seas and severe erosion caused by violent storms.

Chart showing the Components of near-shore motions in response to coastal storm forces.
News Release: USGS Plans Wave Data Collection & Delivery Improvements

11/12/2013 The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has a goal of improving coastal storm response by increasing the amount and quality of storm tide, storm surge, and wave data collected and made available in conjunction with the landfall of a hurricane or severe coastal storm.

Pre-Storm Elevation: Pelican Island and Fire Island, New York This location is within Fire Island National Seashore near Old Inlet—a very narrow portion of the island that has experienced breaching in previous large storms. The island breached during Sandy, creating a new inlet, eroding the beach and cutting through 4-m high dunes.
News Release: USGS Awarded Supplemental Funds to Support Hurricane Sandy Rebuilding

10/24/2013 A year after Hurricane Sandy collided with the East coast, the U.S. Geological Survey continues to study the changes left behind in its devastating path.

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News Release: Secretary Jewell Announces $162 Million for 45 Projects to Protect Atlantic Coast Communities from Future Storms

10/24/2013 Interior Bureaus to Work with Local Partners on Coastal Restoration and Resiliency Efforts

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News Release: Hurricane Sandy Eroded Half of Fire Island’s Beaches and Dunes: New Report Quantifies Coastal Change

08/27/2013 Beaches and dunes on Fire Island, New York, lost more than half of their pre-storm volume during Hurricane Sandy, leaving the area more vulnerable to future storms.

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News Release: Remapping Coastal Areas Damaged by Hurricane Sandy

08/20/2013 Plans for remapping parts of the East Coast where Hurricane Sandy altered seafloors and shorelines, destroyed buildings, and disrupted millions of lives last year are being announced today by three federal agencies.

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News Release: Predicting Hurricane-Induced Coastal Change

07/01/2013 The probability of hurricane-induced coastal change on sandy beaches from Florida to New York has been assessed for the first time in two U.S. Geological Survey studies released today.

A number of ocean front homes were destroyed or severely damaged during Hurricane Sandy on Fire Island, NY.
Science Feature: Hurricane Season is Here

05/31/2013 While many residents of the northeast United States are still working to recover from Hurricane Sandy, the second costliest storm in U.S. history, the 2013 Atlantic Hurricane Season begins June 1.

USGS scientist recovers storm surge sensor in Annapolis, MD.
Science Feature: Disaster Relief for Hurricane Sandy

05/14/2013 The Department of the Interior recently announced the release of $475.25 million in emergency disaster relief funding to repair, rebuild, and restore impacted areas in the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy.

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News Release: Department of the Interior Announces $475 Million in Hurricane Sandy Relief

05/07/2013 Funds to Rebuild Region, Make Communities Stronger and More Resilient

A number of ocean front homes were destroyed or severely damaged during Hurricane Sandy on Fire Island, NY. The photo shows what remains of houses in the community of Davis Park
Science Feature: Start with Science to Address Vulnerable Coastal Communities

01/14/2013 Hurricane Sandy is a stark reminder of just how essential it is for the Nation to become more resilient to coastal hazards. More than half of the U.S. population lives within 50 miles of a coast, and this number is increasing

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News Release: LIDAR Confirms Sandy’s Dramatic Coastal Change Impacts and Future Coastal Vulnerability

11/26/2012 The extent of Hurricane Sandy’s wrath—and the future coastal vulnerability of the region—is clear in a new U.S. Geological Survey analysis of recently collected LIDAR coastal data. The research documented particularly dramatic impacts within the Fire Island National Seashore on Long Island, NY.

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News Release: North Carolina, Delmarva Coastlines Changed by Hurricane Sandy

News Release: North Carolina, Delmarva Coastlines Changed by Hurricane Sandy 11/15/2012 The USGS has released a series of aerial photographs showing before-and-after images of Hurricane Sandy’s impacts on the Atlantic Coast.

A number of ocean front homes were destroyed or severely damaged during Hurricane Sandy on Fire Island, NY. The photo shows what remains of houses in the community of Davis Park
Science Feature: Shifting Sands: Sandy’s Lessons in Coastal Geology

11/15/2012 The USGS conducts research on the natural processes that cause coastal change, but to understand and adapt to such changes, accurate information regarding the past and present shorelines is essential.

USGS scientist recovers storm surge sensor in Annapolis, MD.
Science Feature: USGS Continues Response to Hurricane Sandy

10/31/2012 More than 160 USGS scientists, technicians, and specialists are responding to Hurricane Sandy’s aftermath, from Virginia to Massachusetts. Crews from USGS are working hard to retrieve data for emergency managers.

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News Release: Update: Sandy to Erode Many Atlantic Beaches

10/30/2012 On Oct. 29, 2012, USGS revised its forecasts for coastal change due to Hurricane Sandy

USGS hydrographer deploying a storm-surge sensor prior to Hurricane Rita
Science Feature: USGS Finalizes Hurricane Sandy Preparations

10/29/2012 ***Updated: coastal change section edited from original, based on an updated assessment from October 29, 2012***

Rockfall on Palisades Cliff, New Jersey, May 21, 2012.
Science Feature: USGS Issues Landslide Alert for Hurricane Sandy

10/28/2012 The USGS has just issued a landslide alert for parts of Maryland, northern Delaware in the Wilmington area, northern Virginia (for specific areas, see the alert).

A close up of the Storm-surge sensor prior to Hurricane Rita
Science Feature: USGS Storm Surge Sensors—Gaging the Height of the Storm

10/27/2012 In response to Hurricane Sandy, USGS has deployed several hundred storm surge sensors to collect information about the effects of Sandy on the Atlantic Coast.

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News Release: USGS Storm-Surge Sensors Deployed Ahead of Tropical Storm Sandy

10/27/2012 Storm response crews from the U.S. Geological Survey are installing more than 150 storm-tide sensors at key locations along the Atlantic Coast -- from the Chesapeake Bay to Massachusetts -- in advance of the arrival of Tropical Storm Sandy.

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News Release: Sandy to Erode Many Atlantic Beaches

10/27/2012 Nearly three quarters of the coast along the Delmarva Peninsula is very likely to experience beach and dune erosion as Hurricane Sandy makes landfall, while overwash is expected along nearly half of the shoreline.

The current NOAA forecast for Hurricane Sandy’s track. USGS is ready to deploy sensors along the Atlantic coast to measure storm tide height.
Science Feature: Preparing for Hurricane Sandy

10/26/2012 The U.S. Geological Survey is keeping careful watch as Hurricane Sandy continues to track northeast along the east coast of Florida and the Atlantic coast. Along with federal partners, the agency is taking actions to help minimize potential risks to lives and property.

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News Release: Gulf Coast Vulnerable to Extreme Erosion in Category 1 Hurricanes: New Model to Help Community Planners, Emergency Managers

05/30/2012 Seventy percent of the Gulf of Mexico shoreline is vulnerable to extreme erosion during even the weakest hurricanes, according to a new report by the U.S. Geological Survey released just prior to the start of the 2012 hurricane season.