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Fundamental Science Practices (FSP)

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Acceptable Digital Repositories for USGS Scientific Publications and Data

(Updated November 2017)

In accordance with U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Fundamental Science Practices (FSP) requirements, peer-reviewed scientific publications and data approved for release must be placed in an acceptable digital repository to allow free public access and long term preservation. Below is a list of acceptable repositories for USGS funded information products, a category that includes scientific publications, such as USGS series and outside publications, and data products). Bureau scientific publications and data products should be placed in a USGS owned repository when possible.

In all cases, a complete metadata record for these information products is required. For scientific publications, the metadata record is automatically collected by the USGS Publications Warehouse ( from the internal USGS Information Product Data System’s (IPDS) dissemination step. For data products, a copy of the metadata record must be placed in the USGS Science Data Catalog ( When possible, the complete metadata record must also accompany the data.

The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) must be part of the metadata record (refer to SM 502.7) for each product. DOIs for USGS publication series products (SM 1100.3) are obtained by USGS Office of Communications and Publishing, Science Publishing Network staff and registered with Crossref ( DOIs for USGS owned data repositories are obtained from and registered with DataCite ( DOIs for non-USGS data repositories are created by those repositories. For journal publications, accepted manuscripts must be deposited in the USGS IPDS repository. The USGS Publications Warehouse will provide public access to USGS-authored and funded peer-reviewed scientific publications according to the requirements contained in the USGS Public Access Plan.

In addition to the repositories listed below, data placed in and served from existing public-facing USGS owned and approved databases meet USGS Public Access Plan requirements. Such databases are those residing on USGS servers and meeting the quality requirements stated in SM 502.8. Repositories owned and funded by non-USGS entities are subject to the quality requirements established by those entities. The USGS is not responsible for data served from non-USGS repositories.

Questions related to acceptable digital repositories should be directed to the USGS FSP Advisory Committee (

Note: Some organizations identified as the repository owner or funding source are referred to in the table below by their acronyms (shown in parenthesis) as follows: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), Bureau of Land Management (BLM), Department of Energy (DOE), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), University of California (UC) Berkeley, California Institute of Technology (Caltech), National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) UC Santa Barbara, State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB), State of California Surface Water Ambient Monitoring Program (SWAMP), San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) UC San Diego, Natural Hazards Engineering Research Infrastructure (NHERI), European Commission/Research and Innovation (EUC/RI), Federal Ministry of Education and Research Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF), German Research Foundation Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP).

Repository Name Owner Funding Source
USGS NatWeb - Publications Warehouse USGS USGS
USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) USGS USGS
USGS Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center USGS USGS
USGS Coastal and Marine Geoscience Data System (CMGDS) USGS USGS
Water Mission Area (WMA) National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) Node USGS USGS
USGS Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON) USGS USGS
Biogeochemical Dynamics NASA NASA
Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC) NASA-USGS NASA-USGS
National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) NCBI NIH
Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) a consortium NSF
National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) NOAA NOAA
Landscape Approach Data Portal BLM BLM
Ameriflux DOE DOE
Northern California Earthquake Data Center UC Berkeley USGS
Southern California Earthquake Center Data Center Caltech USGS
Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity (KNB) NCEAS, UC Santa Barbara NSF
California Environmental Data Exchange Network (CEDEN) SWRCB SWAMP
SNAP at the IARC UA Fairbanks NSF, NOAA
US Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Network Information System (NIS) Data Portal NCEAS, UC Santa Barbara NSF
OpenTopography SDSC, UC San Diego NSF
Dryad Dryad Dryad Member Organizations

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Page Last Modified: Wednesday, November 15, 2017