Asian carp of all types have white, firm, mild flesh, which is excellent table fare, but all Asian carp also have intramuscular bones in the filets that many people find undesirable.
Many studies show that bighead and silver carp substantially change ecosystems where they have been introduced.
An exponential increase in the population numbers of bighead and silver carp began in the mid-90s and continued through the mid-2000s in parts of the
Both bighead and silver carp become fairly large; records of both species approach 100 pounds, but silver carp over 20 pounds and bighead carp over 30 pounds are uncommon. The North American record for bighead carp is a 106-pound fish from Missouri.
The capture and movement of wild-caught baitfish is of special concern for spreading Asian carp. Young Asian carp could easily be transferred, as baitfish, from one body of water to another.
Eradication of any established population of Asian carp would be extremely difficult and expensive, if possible at all. Effective management of established invasive species that cannot be eradicated usually employs integrated pest management.
Silver carp have been observed to leap into the air simultaneously as an apparent fright reaction to rocks thrown in the water, passing trains, geese taking off from the water, or when they unexpectedly find themselves in a tight place.
There are many carp native to Asia, but in North America, “Asian carp” usually refers to bighead, black, grass, and silver carp — all of which are nuisance species in inland waterways.
In areas where Asian carp are abundant, they have interfered with commercial and recreational fishing, caused reductions in zooplankton (animal plankton, an important food for many aquatic species), and harmed native fish communities.
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