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Latest Earthquakes FAQs - 12 Found

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Why isn't the fault the earthquake occurred on or the distance to the nearest fault provided?

Seismologists evaluate the hypocenter location and the focal mechanism of an earthquake to decide if the earthquake occurs on a named fault. Research shows that many earthquakes occur on small, un-named faults located near well known faults. For example, most of the aftershocks of the 1989 M6.9 Loma Prieta earthquake occurred on small, subsidiary faults within a few hundred meters of the mainshock rupture plane. On other fault segments like the San Andreas fault near Parkfield, most of the earthquakes occur on the San Andreas fault. It is difficult to automate this decision process, and it would be misleading to imply on the basis of only distance that an earthquake occurs on a named fault.

Tags: Seismology, Liquefaction, Tsunamis, Earthquakes, Faults, Tectonics, Magnitude, Prediction