U.S. Geological Survey - Environmental Health
Treatment and distribution systems for safe water supply and wastewater recycling and reuse are essential for public health and the environment. Approximately 80 percent of the U.S. population resides in urban areas where public water and wastewater systems are monitored and made safe under state and federal regulations. The remainder of the population depends on self-monitored and maintained private-well and septic systems. Aging infrastructure, unsafe legacy materials such as lead water supply pipes, growing dependence on water reuse to meet population-driven water demands, and other factors can create a potential for exposures to increasingly complex and largely unregulated chemical and microbiological contaminant mixtures. The interdisciplinary U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Water Infrastructure Science Team collaborates with public utilities, private landowners, academia, non-government organizations, Federal to local public health agencies (National Institutes of Health [NIH], National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences [NIEHS], Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]), state regulators, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to provide objective scientific information on actual health impacts and practical mitigation strategies to inform water use/reuse decision-making and best management practices.
What is the Chemical and Microbial Content of Our Tap Waters?
Can There be Unintended Benefits when Wastewater Treatment Infrastructure is Upgraded?
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