U.S. Geological Survey - Environmental Health

The GeoHealth Newsletter is now called the GeoHEALTH–USGS Newsletter
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Vol. 5, No. 2 – January 2008

GeoHealth Newsletter

  USGS Activities Related to Human Health
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Environmental and Health Hazard Characterization of Ash and Burned Soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires

Following the October 2007 firestorms in southern California, USGS scientists collected ash and soil samples from two residential areas as well as 26 other sites within burned areas. The areas included the Harris, Witch, Ammo, Santiago, Canyon and Grass Valley fires. The samples are being analyzed to identify characteristics of the ash and soils from both wildland and suburban burned areas that may adversely affect water quality, human health, endangered species and debris-flow or flooding hazards. Study leads are Geoff Plumlee (gplumlee@usgs.gov) and Deborah Martin (damartin@usgs.gov). Field sampling was carried out November 2-9  2007 by Todd Hoefen and Ray Kokaly, in collaboration with Robert Fisher, Eric Reichard, and other scientists from the San Diego office of the USGS California Water Science Center.

Results to date indicate that ash from two residential areas burned by the Grass Valley and Harris wildfires contains very high levels of caustic alkali materials and can contain somewhat elevated levels of metals such as arsenic, lead, zinc and copper. Ash from burned wildlands can also contain caustic alkali materials and some metals, though generally at lower levels than the residential ash. These findings are consistent with the scientific knowledge about wildfire ash that have led numerous public health agencies to issue advisories regarding appropriate precautionary measures to avoid health problems associated with exposure to the ash by persons working in burned wildland areas or cleaning up burned residences. Such measures include, use of appropriate respiratory protection, gloves, long-sleeved shirts and long pants, dust mitigation measures, and washing of skin contacted by the ash. The study results also indicate that high-alkalinity rain-water runoff from both residential and wildland burned areas may adversely affect ecosystems and the quality of surface drinking water supplies.

Preliminary results of the ash characterization studies were released to emergency responders in late November, 2007, and to the public the following week on December 4, 2007 via USGS Open-File Report 2007-1407.

Climate-Driven Ocean Changes Can Cause Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) in Estuaries

USGS scientist collecting a water-quality sample from a Van Dorn sampler on board the USGS Research Vessel Polaris during a data collection cruise around the San Francisco Bay, California
USGS scientist collecting a water-quality sample from a Van Dorn sampler on board the USGS Research Vessel Polaris during a data collection cruise around the San Francisco Bay, California

A team of U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists found that a cooling in ocean temperatures in the first half of this decade led to increased algal blooms in San Francisco Bay, California. Algal blooms can have adverse effects on the environment. Some types of algae produce toxins that can cause health problems and sometimes death to humans and wildlife. Some toxic or harmful algal blooms (HABs) discolor water and are commonly referred to as red tides. Linking the occurrence of algal blooms to changes in the ocean is a surprising result because the phytoplankton blooms are often associated with increases in the amount of nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, entering estuaries from such sources as wastewater treatment plants and runoff from agricultural fields. In this case, the increase in algal blooms in San Francisco Bay occurred during a period of decreasing nutrient concentrations and inputs. This result shows that nutrient enrichment is not the only cause of phytoplankton blooms in estuaries. Resource protection and management programs, for such resources as shellfish beds and recreational waters, could benefit from a wider geographic perspective that recognizes the coastal ocean as an important source of estuarine variability, and a longer time perspective that recognizes the importance of climate processes that fluctuate over periods of decades.

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Institute of Medicine’s Climate Change and Infectious Disease Forum

Dr. Leslie Dierauf, VMD, is the Director of the USGS National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, Wisconsin.
Dr. Leslie Dierauf, VMD, is the Director of the USGS National Wildlife Health Center in Madison, Wisconsin.

On December 4 and 5, 2007, Dr. Leslie Dierauf (USGS National Wildlife Health Center Director), at the invitation of the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine’s Forum on Microbial Threats, participated in a 2-day dialogue in Washington, DC, titled “Global Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events: Understanding the Potential Contributions to the Emergence, Reemergence and Spread of Infectious Disease.”  The Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) Forum on Microbial Threats semi-annually provides structured opportunities in neutral settings for health professionals from both the private and public sectors (including physicians, veterinarians, public health specialists, agricultural scientists, environmental scientists, and others) to strengthen and forge networks and linkages by discussing current scientific and policy matters related to the prevention, detection, management, and research in the realm of infectious diseases.

Dr. Dierauf's presentation, titled "Climate Change: Its Effects on Healthy Aquatic and Marine Wildlife Systems ", presented information and data from the USGS's National Wildlife Health Center, Florida Integrated Science Center (now the Southeast Ecological Science Center), Alaska Science Center, and information on the Department of the Interior's interest in ocean and coastal health. The Department of Interior manages 35,000 miles of coastline, including 169 island and coastal refuges, 74 coastal parks, 92 million acres of coral reef ecosystems, and 1.8 billion acres of the outer continental shelf.

The meeting consisted of four major sessions -- Direct and Indirect Effects of Climate Change on Vector- and Non-Vector-Borne Diseases, Environmental Trends and Their Influences on Disease Emergence, Prediction and Intervention in Disease Outbreaks Related to Climate Change, and International Public Health and Foreign Policy Implications on the Spread of Infectious Diseases.  The most enlightening part of each session during the 2-day dialogue, was the significant blocks of time devoted lively and extended discussions.

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 Upcoming Meetings go to top of page 
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GeoHealth I: Building Bridges Across the Geological and Health Sciences, U.S. Geological Survey Headquarters, Reston, Virginia, March 4-6, 2008

The Geological Society of America and the U.S. Geological Survey are cosponsoring a meeting devoted to interdisciplinary research and applications that integrate geosciences and health sciences. The objective of the meeting is to improve communication across disciplines, and better inform policy and decision makers of the role of understanding the environmental and wildlife components of exposures to natural and anthropogenic contaminants and pathogens in addressing complex human-health problems.
Meeting Web Site

47th Annual Meeting of the Society for Toxicology, Seattle, Washington, March 16-20, 2008

The Society of Toxicology (SOT) Annual Meeting is attended by scientists from industry, academia, and government. The program includes plenary and special lectures, symposia, workshops, roundtable discussions, and platform and poster presentations on such topics as:

  • Future Paths for Puget Sound: Contaminants, Cultures, and Ecosystem Risk Characterization
  • Human Health Risk Assessment for Pharmaceuticals in the Environment (PIE)
  • Arsenic and Cardiovascular Disease
  • Environmental Influence on Female Puberty and Breast Tumorigenesis
  • Chlorotriazine Herbicides and their Common Degradation Products of Concern: Disposition and Potential Health Effects

Conference Web Site

Public Health Without Borders: 136th Annual Meeting of the American Public Health Association (APHA) San Diego, California, October 26-29, 2008

A public health educational forum where participants can learn from experts in the field about cutting edge research and best practices, get information on the latest public health products and services, and present public health research and information to their peers. The Meeting is anticipated to host more than 900 scientific sessions, roundtables, posters, workshops, and panel discussions at which over 4,000 scientific papers will be presented.
Conference Web Site


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Coming Soon!

Blazer, V.S. Iwanowicz, L.R., Iwanowicz, D.D., Smith, D.R., Young, J.A., Hedrick, J. D., Foster, S.W., Reeser, S. J., In Press, Intersex (testicular oocytes) in smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) From the Potomac River and selected nearby drainages: Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Griffin, D.W., In Press, Non-spore forming eubacteria isolated at an altitude of 20,000 m in Earth’s atmosphere--Extended incubation periods needed for culture-based assays: Aerobiologia. doi:10.1007/s10453-007-9078-7.

Iwanowicz, L.R. and Ottinger, C.A., In Press, Estrogens, Estrogen Receptors and Their Role as Immunoregulators in Fish. In Zaccone, G., M.J. Manning, C.J. Secombes, and B.G. Kapoor, editors. Fish Defenses, Vol. 1: Immunology. Science Publishers.

Mora, M.A., Montoya, A.B., Juergens, P.W., Lee M.C., Duarte, A.M., Salazar, R.R., Terrazas, A.L., In Press, Persistent Environmental Pollutants in Eggs of Aplomado Falcons from Northern Chihuahua, Mexico, and South Texas, USA.  Environment International.

Tillitt, D.E., Cook, P.M., Giesy, J.P., Heideman, W., and Peterson, R.E., In Press, Reproductive Impairment of Great Lakes Lake Trout by Dioxin-Like Chemicals.  In: DiGiulio, R.T. and Hinton, D.E. (eds) Toxicology of Fishes, Francis & Taylor Publishers, Washington D.C.

vom Saal, F.S., Akingbemi, B.T., Belcher, S.M., Birnbaum, L.S., Crain, D.A., Eriksen, M., Guillette, L.J., Hauser, R., Heindel, J.J., Ho, S.-M., Iguchi, T., Jobling, S., Kanno, J., Keri, R.A., Knudsen, K.E, LeBlanc, G.A., Marcus, M., McLachlan, J.A., Myers, J.P., Nadal, A., Newbold, R.R., Olea, N., Prins, G.S., Richter, C.A., Rubin, B.S., Sonnenschein, C., Soto, A.M., Talsness, C.E., Vandenbergh, J.G., Vandenberg, L.N., Walser-Kuntz, D.R., Watson, C.S., Welshons, W.V., Wetherill, Y.,and Zoeller, R.T., In Press, Chapel Hill Bisphenol A Expert Panel Consensus Statement: Integration of Mechanisms, Effects in Animals and Potential to Impact Human Health at Current Levels of Exposure   : Reproductive Toxicology, 24(2).

Published Recently!

Ackerman, J.T., Eagles-Smith, C.A., Takekawa, J.Y., Demers,S.A., Adelsbach,T.L., Bluso, J.D. Miles, A.K., Warnocke, N., Suchanek, T.H., and Schwarzbach, S.E., 2007, Mercury concentrations and space use of pre-breeding American avocets and black-necked stilts in San Francisco Bay: Science of The Total Environment, 384(1-3):452-66.

Alvarez, D.A., Huckins, J.N.,  Petty, J.D., Jones-Lepp, T.L., Stuer-Lauridsen, F., Getting, D.T., Goddard, J.P., and Gravell, A., 2007, Tool for Monitoring Hydrophilic Contaminants in Water: Polar Organic Chemical Integrative Sampler (POCIS): In R. Greenwood, G. Mills, B. Vrana (eds) Passive Sampling Techniques. Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry: v. 48, Elsevier, p. 171-197.

Anderson, B., Hunt, J., Phillips, B., Thompson, B., Lowe, S., Taberski, K., and Carr, R.S.,  2007,  Patterns and trends in sediment toxicity in the San Francisco Estuary:  Environ. Res.,  105:145–155. 

Battaglin, W., Drewes, J., Bruce, B., and McHugh, M., 2007, Contaminants of emerging concern in the environment: Water Resources Impact, v. 9, no. 3, p. 3-4.

Beyer, W. N., Gaston, G., Brazzle, R., O'Connell, A.F., Jr., and Audet, D. J.,  2007, Deer exposed to exceptionally high concentrations of lead near the continental mine in Idaho, USA: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26(5):1040-1046.

Bhattacharya, P., Welch, A.H., Stollenwerk, K.G., McLaughlin, M.J., Bundschuh, J., and Panaullah, G., eds., 2007., Arsenic in the environment--Biology and chemistry--Arsenic in the Environment Special Issue: Science of the Total Environment. V. 379, no 2-3.

Boehm, A. B., Whitman, R. L., Nevers, M. B., Hou, D., and Weisberg., S. B., 2007, Nowcasting recreational water quality: Pages 179-210 in L. J. Wymer, editor. Recreational Beaches: Statistical Framework for Water Quality Criteria and Monitoring, Wiley Publishers, New Jersey.

Boone, M.D., Semlitsch, R.D., Little, E.E., and Doyle, M.C., 2007,  Multiple stressors in amphibian communities:  Effects of chemical contaminants, bullfrogs, and fish:  Ecological Applications, 17:291-301.

Brown, J.B., and Battaglin, W.A., 2007, Striving for collaborative science and communication through the Consortium for Research and Education on Emerging Contaminants (CREEC): Water Resources Impact, v. 9, no. 3, p. 22-24.

Bryan, J. L., Wildhaber, M.L., Papoulias, D.M., DeLonay, A.J., Tillitt, D.E., Annis, M.L., 2007, Estimation of gonad volume, fecundity, and reproductive stage of shovelnose sturgeon using sonography and endoscopy with application to the endangered pallid sturgeon. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 23 (4), 411–419.

Buchwalter, D.B., Cain, D.J., Clements, W.H., and Luoma, S.N., 2007, Using biodynamic models to reconcile differences between laboratory toxicity tests and field biomonitoring with aquatic insects: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 13, p. 4,821-4,828, doi:10.1021/es070464y.

Burkholder, J., Libra, B., Weyer, P., Heathcote, S., Kolpin, D.W., Thorne, P.S., and Wichman, M., 2007, Impacts of waste from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) on water quality: Environmental Health Perspectives, v. 115, no. 2, p. 308-312, doi:10.1289/ehp.8839.

Byappanahalli, M.B., Whitman, R.L., Shively, D.A., Ferguson, J.,  Ishii, S., and Sadowsky., M.J., 2007, Population structure of Cladophora-borne Escherichia coli: in nearshore water of Lake Michigan. Water Research, 41: 3649-3654.

Chu, S., Henny, C.J., Kaiser, J.L., Drouillard, K.G., Haffner G.D., Letcher, R.J., 2007, Dachtal and chlorophenoxy herbicides and chlorothalonil fungicide in eggs of Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) from the Duwamish Lake Washington, Puget Sound area of Washington State: Environmental Pollution, 145:374-381.

Chuiko, G.M., Tillitt, D.E., Zajicek, J.L., Flerov, B.A., Stepanova, V.M., Zhelnin, Y.Y., and Podogornaya, V.A., 2007,  Chemical contamination of the Rybinsk Reservoir, Northwest Russia.  Part 1. Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) content and health indicators in bream (Abramis brama).  Chemosphere, 67:527-536.

Church, S.E., Owen, J.R., von Guerard, P., Verplanck, P.L., Kimball, B.A., and Yager, D.B., 2007, The effects of acidic mine drainage from historical mines in the Animas River watershed, San Juan County, Colorado—What is being done and what can be done to improve water quality?, in DeGraff, J.V., ed., Understanding and responding to hazardous substances at mine sites in the western United States: Boulder, Colo., Geological Society of America, p. 47-83, ISBN:9780813741178.

 Cloern, J.E., Jassby, A.D., Thompson, J.K., and Hieb, K.A., 2007, A cold phase of the east pacific triggers new phytoplankton blooms in San Francisco Bay: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 104, no. 47, p. 18561-18565, doi:10.1073/pnas.0706151104.

Costanzo, S.D., Watkinson, A.J., Murby, E.J., Kolpin, D.W., and Sandstrom, M.W., 2007, Is there a risk associated with the insect repellent DEET (N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide) commonly found inaquatic environments?: Science of the Total Environment, v. 384, no. 1-3, p. 214-220, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.05.036.

Cox, M.H., and Schemel, L.E., 2007, Chemical and hydrologic data from the Cement Creek and upper Animas River confluence and mixing zone, Silverton, Colorado, September 1997: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1048, 4 p (includes a data file).

Croteau, M.-N., and Luoma, S.N., 2007, Characterizing dissolved Cu and Cd uptake in terms of the biotic ligand and biodynamics using enriched stable isotopes: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 9, p. 3140-3145, doi:10.1021/es0615122.

Croteau, M.-N., Luoma, S.N., and Pellet, B., 2007, Determining metal assimilation efficiency in aquatic invertebrates using enriched stable metal isotope tracers: Aquatic Toxicology, v. 83, no. 2, p. 116-125, doi:10.1016/j.aquatox.2007.03.016.

Custer, C. M., Custer, T.W., and Hill, E.F., 2007, Mercury exposure and effects of cavity-nesting birds from the Carson River, Nevada: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 52:129-136.

Custer, C. M., Custer, T.W., Hines, J.E., Nichols, J.D., and Dummer, P.M., 2007, Adult tree swallow (Tachycineta bicolor) survival on the PCB-contaminated Housatonic River, MA: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26:1056-1065.

Custer, T. W., Dummer, P.M., Custer, C.M., Warburton, D., Melancon, M.J., Hoffman, D.J., Matson, C.W., and Bickham, J.W., 2007, Water level management and contaminant exposure to tree swallows nesting on the Upper Mississippi River: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 133, no. 1-3, p. 335-345.

Elliott, J.E., Morrissey, C.A., Henny, C.J., Ruelas Inzunza, E., Shaw, P., 2007, Satellite telemetry and prey sampling reveal contaminant sources to Pacific Northwest ospreys: Ecological Applications, v. 17, no. 4, p. 1223-1233.

Flegal, A.R., Brown, C.L., Squire, S., Ross, J.R.M., Scelfo, G.M., and Hibdon, S., 2007, Spatial and temporal variations in silver contamination and toxicity in San Francisco Bay: Environmental Research, v. 105, no. 1, p. 34-52, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2007.05.006.

Gandhi, N., Bhavsar, S.P., Diamond, M.L., Kuwabara, J.S., Marvin-DiPasquale, M., and Krabbenhoft, D.P., 2007, Development of a mercury speciation, fate and biotic uptake (BIOTRANSPEC) model--Application to Lahontan Reservoir (Nevada, USA): Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 26, no. 11, p. 2,260-2,273, doi:10.1897/06-468R.1.

Gibs, J., Stackelberg, P.E., Furlong, E.T., Meyer, M., Zaugg, S.D., and Lippincott, R.L., 2007, Persistence of pharmaceuticals and other organic compounds in chlorinated drinking water as a function of time: Science of the Total Environment, v. 373, no. 1, p. 240-249, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.11.003.

Griffin, D.W., Kubilay, N., Kocak, M., Gray, M.A., Borden, T.C., and Shinn., E.A.,  2007, Airborne desert dust and aeromicrobiology over the Turkish Mediterranean coastline: Atmospheric Environment, v. 41, no. 19, pp. 4050-4062, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.01.023.

Griffin, D.W. 2007. Atmospheric movement of microorganisms in clouds of desert dust and implications for human health: Clinical Microbiology Reviews, v. 20, no. 3, pp. 459-477, doi:10.1128/CMR.00039-06.

Harris, R., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Mason, R., Murray, M.W., Reash, R., and Saltman, T., eds., 2007, Ecosystem responses to mercury contamination—Indicators of change: Boca Raton, Fla., CRC Press LLC, 219 p., ISBN:9780849388927,

Harris, R.C., Rudd, J.W.M., Amyot, M., Babiarz, C.L., Beaty, K.G., Blanchfield, P.J., Bodaly, R.A., Branfireun, B.A., Gilmour, C.C., Graydon, J.A., Heyes, A., Hintelmann, H., Hurley, J.P., Kelly, C.A., Krabbenhoft, D.P., Lindberg, S.E., Mason, R.P., Paterson, M.J., Podemski, C.J., Robinson, A., Sandilands, K.A., Southworth, G.R., St. Louis, V.L., and Tate, M.T., 2007, Whole-ecosystem study shows rapid fish-mercury response to changes in mercury deposition: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v. 104, no. 42, p. 16,586-16,591, doi:10.1073/pnas.0704186104.

Henny, C.J., Hill, E.F., Grove, R.A., Kaiser, J.L., 2007, Mercury and drought along the lower Carson River, Nevada - I. Snowy egret and black-crowned night-heron annual exposure to mercury, 1997-2006: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 53:269-280.

Herring, J.R., and Walton-Day, K., 2007, Selenium and other elements in water and adjacent rock and sediment of Toll Gate Creek, Aurora, Arapahoe County, Colorado, December 2003 through March 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5018, 58 p.

Hinck, J.E., Blazer, V.S., Denslow, N.D., Echols, K.R., Gale, R.W., Wieser, C., May, T.W., Ellersieck, M., Coyle, J.J., and Tillitt, D.E., 2007, Chemical contaminants, health indicators, and reproductive biomarker responses in fish from rivers in the Southeastern United States: Science of the Total Environment, 390:538-557.

Hinck, J.E., Blazer, V.B. , Denslow, N.D., K.E. Echols, Gross, T.S., May, T.W. , Anderson, P.J., Coyle, J.J., and Tillitt, D.E., 2007, Spatial trends of environmental contaminants, health indicators, and reproductive biomarker responses in fish from the Colorado River and its tributaries: Science of the Total Environment, 378:376-402.

Hurley, J., Krabbenhoft, D., Wiener, J., and Babiarz, C., 2007, The Madison declaration on mercury pollution: Ambio, v. 36, no. 1, p. 62-65, doi:10.1579/0044-7447(2007)3662:TMDOMP2.0.CO;2.

Kenow, K. P., Grasman, K.A., Hines, R.K., Meyer, M.W., Gendron-Fitzpatrick, A., Spalding, M G., and Gray, B. R., 2007, Effects of methylmercury exposure on the immune function of juvenile common loons (Gavia immer): Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v. 26, no. 7, p. 1460-1469.

Kirshtein, J.D., Anderson, C.W., Wood, J.S., Longcore, J.E., and Voytek, M.A., 2007, Quantitative PCR detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis DNA from sediments and water: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, v. 77, no. 1, p. 11-15, doi:10.3354/dao01831.

Kulp, T.R., Han, S., Saltikov, C.W., Lanoil, B.D., Zargar, K., and Oremland, R.S., 2007, Effects of imposed salinity gradients on dissimilatory arsenate-reduction, sulfate-reduction, and other microbial processes in sediments from two California soda lakes: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 73, no. 16, p. 5130-5137, doi:10.1128/AEM.00771-07.

Kuwabara, J.S., Arai, Y., Topping, B.R., Pickering, I.J., and George, G.N., 2007, Mercury speciation in piscivorous fish from mining-impacted reservoirs: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 8, p. 2745-2749, doi:10.1021/es0628856.

Landa, E.R., 2007, Naturally occurring radionuclides from industrial sources—Characteristics and fate in the environment, in Shaw, G., ed., Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment: Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Elsevier, Radioactivity in the Environment Series, v. 10, p. 211-237, ISBN:978-0-08-043872-6.

Laustrup, M.S., Jacobson, R.B., and Simpkins, D.G., 2007, Distribution of potential spawning habitat for sturgeon in the lower Missouri River, 2003-06: U.S. Geological Survey, Open File Report 2007-1192.

Lipp, E.K., Futch, J.C., and Griffin, D.W., 2007, Analysis of multiple enteric viral targets as sewage markers in coral reefs: Marine Pollution Bulletin, v. 54, no. 12, pp. 1897-1902, doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2007.08.001

Little, EE , Calfee R.D Theodorakos, P., Brown, Z.A., Johnson, C.A., 2007, Toxicity of cobalt-complexed cyanide to Oncorhynchus mykiss, Daphnia magna, and Ceriodaphnia dubia. Potentiation by ultraviolet radiation and attenuation by dissolved organic carbon and adaptive UV tolerance. - http://www.springerlink.com/content/l04348787pr40r53/ Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 14(5):333-7

Longcore, J.R., Dineli, R., and Haines, T.A., 2007, Mercury and growth of tree swallows at Acadia National Park, and at Orono, Maine, USA: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 126(1-3):117-127.

Longcore, J., Haines, T., and Halteman, W. 2007. Mercury in tree swallow food, eggs, bodies, and feathers at Acadia National Park, Maine, and an EPA Superfund Site, Ayer, Massachusetts. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 126(1-3):129-143.

Loper, C.A., Crawford, J.K., Otto, K.L., Manning, R.L., Meyer, M.T., and Furlong, E.T., 2007, Concentrations of selected pharmaceuticals and antibiotics in south-central Pennsylvania waters, March through September 2006: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 300, 101 p.

Lorenzi, A.H., Cain, D.J., Parchaso, F., Thompson, J.K., Luoma, S.N., Hornberger, M.I., Dyke, J.L., Cervantes, R., and Shouse, M.K., 2007, Near-field receiving water monitoring of trace metals and a benthic community near the Palo Alto regional water quality control plant in South San Francisco Bay, California—2006: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1199.

Luoma, S.N., and Lofstedt, R.E., 2007, Contaminated salmon and the public's trust: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 6, p. 1,811-1,814 (Viewpoint article).

Luoma, S.N., and Lofstedt, R.E., 2007, Contaminated salmon and the public's trust: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 6, p. 1,811-1,814 (Viewpoint article).

Marvin-DiPasquale, M., and Cox, M.H., 2007, Legacy mercury in Alviso Slough, South San Francisco Bay, California—Concentration, speciation and mobility: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1240, 98 p.

Maule A.G., Gannamb, L. and Davis,J.W., 2007, Chemical contaminants in fish feeds used in federal salmonid hatcheries in the USA: Chemosphere 67(7):1308-1315.

May, T.W.  and Brumbaugh, W.G., 2007, Determination of total mercury in fillets of sport fishes collected from Folsom Reservoir, California, 2006: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 2007-1078.

May, T.W.,  and Brumbaugh, W.G., 2007, Determination of total mercury in whole-body fish and fish muscle plugs collected from the South Fork of the Humboldt River, Nevada, September 2005: U.S. Geological Survey, Open File Report 2007-1059.

May, T.W., and Brumbaugh, W.G., 2007, Determination of total mercury in fillets of sport fishes collected from Folsom and New Melones Reservoirs, California, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey, Open-File Report 2007-1077. 

Metge, D.W., Harvey, R.W., Anders, R., Rosenberry, D.O., Seymour, D., and Jasperse, J., 2007, Use of carboxylated microspheres to assess transport potential of cryptosporidium parvum oocysts at the Russian River Water Supply Facility, Sonoma County, California: Geomicrobiology Journal, v. 24, no. 3-4, p. 231-245, doi:10.1080/01490450701456867.

Meyer, M.T., Lee, E.A., Ferrell, G.F., Bumgarner, J.E., and Varnes, J., 2007, Evaluation of tandem off-line and on-line solid-phase extraction with liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry for the analysis of antibiotics in ambient water and comparision to an independent method: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5021, 28 p.

Meyer, M.T., Lee, E.A., and Scribner, E.A., 2007, Methods of analysis by the U.S. Geological Survey Organic Geochemistry Research Group—Determination of dissolved isoxaflutole and its sequential degradation products, diketonitrile and benzoic acid, in water using solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods, book 5, sec. A, chap. 9, 13 p.

Meyer, M.T., Scribner, E.A., and Kalkhoff, S.J., 2007, Comparison of fate and transport of isoxaflutole to atrazine and metolachlor in 10 Iowa rivers: Environmental Science and Technology, v. 41, no. 20, p. 6933-6939, doi:10.1021/es070903t.

Mills, G.A., Vrana, B., Allan, I., Alvarez, D.A., Huckins, J.N. and Greenwood, R., 2007, Trends in monitoring pharmaceuticals and personal-care products in the aquatic environment by use of passive sampling devices: Analytical Bioanal. Chemistry, 387, 1153-1157.

Nevers, M.B., R.L. Whitman, W. E. Frick, and Z. Ge., 2007, Interaction and influence of two creeks on E. coli concentrations of nearby beaches: Exploration of predictability and mechanisms: Journal of Environmental Quality, 36(5):1338-1345.

Otton, J.K., Zielinski, R.A., Smith, B.D., and Abbott, M.M., 2007, Geologic controls on movement of produced-water releases at U.S. Geological Survey Research Site A, Skiatook Lake, Osage County, Oklahoma: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 11, p. 2,138-2,154, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.04.015 (one of 6 papers in a special issue on environmental issues related to oil and gas exploration and production).

Nipper, M., Carr, R.S., Biedenbach, J., MacFarlane, J., and Gschwend, P.,  2007,  Passive samplers as sediment surrogates in toxicity tests: ICES Annual Science Conference, Proceedings, Copenhagen, Denmark: International Council for Exploration of the Sea, ICES CM 2007/J:09, 3p.

Plumlee, G.S., Foreman, W.T., Griffin, D.W., Lovelace, J.K., Meeker, G.P., and Demas, C.R., 2007, Characterization of flood sediments from Hurricane Katrina and Rita and potential implications for human health and the environment, in Farris, G.S., Smith, G.J., Crane, M. P., Demas, C.R., Robbins, L.L., and Lavoie, D.L., eds., Science and the storms: the USGS response to the hurricanes of 2005:  U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1306, p. 246-257.

Plumlee, G.S., and Ziegler, T.L., 2007, The medical geochemistry of dusts, soils, and other earth materials: in Lollar, B.S., ed., Treatise on Geochemistry, online update, Volume 9, Chapter 7, Elsevier, p. 1-61.

Plumlee, G.S., Martin, D.A., Hoefen, T., Kokaly, R., Hageman, P., Eckberg, A., Meeker, G.P., Adams, M., Anthony, M., and Lamothe, P.J., 2007, Preliminary analytical results for ash and burned soils from the October 2007 Southern California Wildfires: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1407, 13 p.

Quinn, M. J., McKernan, M., Lavoie, E.T., and Ottinger., M.A.,  2007, Immunotoxicity of trenbolone acetate in Japanese quail. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health Part A 70(1-2):88-93.

Rattner, B.A., Golden, N.H., Toschik, P.C. McGowan, P.C., and Custer, T. W., 2008, Concentrations of metals in blood and feathers of nestling ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) in Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 54(1):114-122.

Rattner, B.A., J.C. Franson, S.R. Sheffield, C. Goddard, N.J. Leonard, D.Stang, P.J. Wingate. 2007, Lead emanating from hunting, shooting and fishing sports: implications for management of biota by natural resource professionals and policy makers: Report to the American Fisheries Society and The Wildlife Society. 112 pp.

Reynolds, R.L., Yount, J.C., Reheis, M., Goldstein, H., Chavez, P., Jr.,, Fulton, R., Whitney, J., Fuller, C., and Forester, R.M., 2007, Dust emission from wet and dry playas in the Mojave Desert, USA: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v. 32, no. 12, p. 1811-1827, doi:10.1002/esp.1515.

Richter, C.A., Birnbaum, L.S., Farabollini, F., Newbold, R.R., Rubin, B.S., Talsness, C.E., Vandenbergh, J.G., Walser-Kuntz, D.R., and vom Saal, F.S., 2007, In vivo effects of bisphenol A in laboratory rodent studies. Reproductive Toxicology 24:(2)199-224.

Rostad, C.E., 2007, Studies on disinfection by-products and drinking water: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet FS-2004-3032, 4 p.

Rostad, C.E., and Daniel, S.R., 2007, Distribution of selected organic compounds among suspended particulate, colloid and aqueous phases in the Mississippi River and selected tributaries: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, v. 53, no. 2, p. 151-158, doi:10.1007/s00244-005-0056-1.

Rowe, B.L, Toccalino, P.L, Moran, M.J, Zogorski, J.S., and Price, C.V., 2007, Occurrence and potential human-health relevance of volatile organic compounds in drinking water from domestic wells in the United States: Environmental Health Perspectives, v. 115, no. 11, pp. 1539-1546. (supplement)

Schmitt, C.J., Brumbaugh, W.G., and May, T.W., 2007, Accumulation of metals in fish from lead–zinc mining areas of southeastern Missouri, USA: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 67(1):14-30.

Schmitt, C. J. and Brumbaugh, W. G., 2007,  Evaluation of Potentially Non-Lethal Sampling Methods for Monitoring Mercury Concentrations in Smallmouth Bass (Micropterus dolomieu):  Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 53(1):84-95.

Scribner, E.A., Battaglin, W.A., Gilliom, R.J., and Meyer, M.T., 2007, Concentrations of glyphosate, its degradation product, aminomethylphosphonic acid, and glufosinate in ground- and surface-water, rainfall, and soil samples collected in the United States, 2001-06: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5122, 112 p.

Smalling, K.L., Orlando, J., and Kuivila, K., 2007, Occurrence of pesticides in water, sediment, and soil from the Yolo Bypass, California: San Francisco Estuary and Watershed Science, v. 5, no. 1 (Article 2).

Stackelberg, P.E., Gibs, J., Furlong, E.T., Meyer, M.T., Zaugg, S.D., and Lippincott, R.L., 2007, Efficiency of conventional drinking-water-treatment processes in removal of pharmaceuticals and other organic compounds http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.01.095: Science of the Total Environment, v. 377, no. 2-3, p. 255-272, doi:doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.01.095.

Stollenwerk, K.G., Breit, G.N., Welch, A.H., Yount, J.C., Whitney, J.W., Foster, A.L., Uddin, M.N., Majumder, R.K., and Ahmed, N., 2007, Arsenic attenuation by oxidized aquifer sediments in Bangladesh: Science of the Total Environment, v. 379, no. 2-3, p. 133-150, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.11.029 (Arsenic in the Environment, Biology and Chemistry—Arsenic in the Environment Special Issue, Bhattacharya, P., Welch, A.H., Stollenwerk, K.G., McLaughlin, M.J., Bundschuh, J., and Panaullah, G., eds.).

Thompson, B., Adelsbach, T., Brown, C., Hunt, J., Kuwabara, J., Neale, J., Ohlendorf, H., Schwarzbach, S., Spies, R., and Taberski, K., 2007, Biological effects of anthropogenic contaminants in the San Francisco Estuary: Environmental Research, v. 105, no. 1, p. 156-174, doi:10.1016/j.envres.2006.10.005.

Thordsen, J.J., Kharaka, Y.K., Ambats, G., Kakouros, E., and Abbott, M.M., 2007, Geochemical data from produced water contamination investigations—Osage-Skiatook Petroleum Environmental Research (OSPER) Sites, Osage County, Oklahoma: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1055, 15 p (appendix in seperate Miscorsoft Excel file).

Toccalino, P.L., 2007, Development and application of health-based screening levels for use in water-quality assessments:  U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5106, 12 p.

Van Gosen, B.S. 2007. Reported historic asbestos mines, historic asbestos prospects, and natural asbestos occurrences in the Rocky Mountain States of the United States (Colorado, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, and Wyoming): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007-1182.

Van Metre, P.C., Wilson, J.T., Horowitz, A.J., Skrobialowski, S.C., Foreman, W.T., Fuller, C.C., Burkhardt, M.R., Elrick, K.A., Mahler, B.J., Smith, J.J., and Zaugg, S.D., 2007, Chemical constituents in sediment in Lake Pontchartrain and in street mud and canal sediment in New Orleans, Louisiana, following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, 2005: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 206, 159 p.

Verplanck, P.L., Mueller, S.H., Goldfarb, R.J., and Nordstrom, D.K., 2007, Elevated arsenic in ground water, Ester Dome (Alaska), in Cidu, R., and Frau, F., eds., Water in Mining Environments, Proceedings of the International Mine Water Association Symposium 2007, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy, May 27-31, 2007: p. 473-477.

Voltura, M.B. and French. J.B., 2007, Effects of dietary PCB exposure on reproduction in the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus): Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 52(2):264-269.

Vyas, N.B., Spann, J.W. Hulse, C.S. Gentry, S. and Borges, S.L., 2007, Dermal Insecticide Residues from Birds Inhabiting an Orchard: Environ Monit. Assess., 133(1-3):209-14.

Whitman, R.L., Przybyla-Kelly, K., Shively, D.A., and Byappanahalli, M.N., 2007, Incidence of the enterococcal surface protein gene in human and animal fecal sources: Environmental Science & Technology, 41:6090-6095.

Whitman, R. L., Przybyla-Kelly, K., Shively, D.A., Nevers, M.B., and M.N. Byappanahalli. 2008. Sunlight, season, snowmelt, storm, and source affect E. coli populations in an artificially ponded stream: Science of the Total Environment 390:448-455.

Zielinski, R.A., and Budahn, J.R., 2007, Mode of occurrence and environmental mobility of oil-field radioactive material at US Geological Survey Research Site B, Osage-Skiatook Project, Northeastern Oklahoma: Applied Geochemistry, v. 22, no. 11, p. 2,125-2,137, doi:10.1016/j.apgeochem.2007.04.014 (one of 6 papers in a special issue on environmental issues related to oil and gas exploration and production).

Compiled and Edited by David W. Morganwalp

Errata 3/31/2014

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