Data Catalogs & Portals
Data Catalogs and Portals are places where one can search for data. While Repositories physically hold datasets, Data Catalogs and Portals use metadata to provide searchable directories for data. Submitting your metadata to Data Portals and Catalogs makes them more visible and more likely to be used by others.
USGS Catalogs & PortalsThe USGS provides a number of searchable online data catalogs for specific types of datasets. This listing provides some example USGS data catalogs and portals and is by no means all-inclusive or complete.
USGS unveils the Science Data Catalog, a tool for discovery of public USGS Datasets through text-based search; keyword, mission area, data source, and scientist faceting; and GIS-based search mechanisms.
An associated provider dashboard allows USGS programs to select and provide metadata records describing their online datasets to the Catalog in response to federal Open Data requirements.
The USGS BioData System is a Web-enabled database that for the first time provides for the capture, curation, integration, and delivery of bioassessment data collected by local, regional, and national USGS projects.
BioData offers field biologists advanced capabilities for entering, editing, and reviewing the macroinvertebrate, algae, fish, and supporting habitat data from rivers and streams. It offers data archival and curation capabilities that protect and maintain data for the long term.
BioData provides the Federal, State, and local governments, as well as the scientific community, resource managers, the private sector, and the public with easy access to tens of thousands of samples collected nationwide from thousands of stream and river sites. BioData also provides the USGS with centralized data storage for delivering data to other systems and applications through automated Web services.
The Coastal and Marine Geoscience Data System (CMGDS) provides data services for published U.S. Geological Survey, Coastal and Marine Geology Program (CMGP) data. Access to CMGP data is provided via Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards services; serving CMGP data to GeoMapApp and Virtual Ocean 2-D and 3-D earth browsing tools, for data integration, visualization and analysis; and metadata catalogs for data discovery. It is important to note that this site is a 'work in progress'. Currently, the bulk of our content is geophysical data. In time, we will expand our holdings to include other data types.
The CMGDS can be used in two different ways: data discovery and data access. The data access is provided by direct data download and a variety of web services that provide direct data access. Data discovery can be done locally by a single user or the site can be harvested by other metadata collections. The CMGDS can also be accessed by software that is capable of using our information for metadata search or GIS display.
The USGS Core Science Analytics, Synthesis, and Libraries Program (CSAS&L) of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is developing Biodiversity Information Serving Our Nation (BISON), an integrated and permanent resource for biological occurrence data from the United States.
BISON will leverage USGS assets such as the full mirror and US Node of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), as well as the accumulated human and infrastructure resources of the Survey's long-term investment in research and data management and delivery in biological and geospatial data.
The BISON prototype currently contains nearly 80 million records and already implements a variety of advanced functions not currently available elsewhere.
Researchers collect species occurrence data, records of an organism at a particular time in a particular place, as either a primary or ancillary function of many biological field investigations. Presently, these data reside in numerous distributed systems and formats (including publications) and are consequently not being used to their potential.
USGS Geo Data Portal
The USGS GDP project provides scientists and environmental resource managers access to downscaled climate projections and other data resources that are otherwise difficult to access and manipulate. This user interface demonstrates an example implementation of the GDP project Web-service software and standards-based data integration strategy.
OBIS-USA, a program of the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Core Science Analytics, Synthesis, and Libraries (CSAS&L), is the US national node of the Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS). Meant to serve research and natural resource management needs, OBIS-USA brings together marine biological occurrence data in a standard format, with metadata, Web-based discovery and download, and Web service access for users and applications.
Data sources are US government (including Federal, State and local) agencies, academic, and non-governmental organizations. The data represent species name, location and date, plus additional detail as available. OBIS-USA partners with several federal agencies to play a role in the full life cycle of marine data, from origination, through discovery, dissemination and applications, to archiving at National Ocean Data Center.
OBIS-USA goes beyond the limits traditionally encountered in biodiversity data. It configures the data and Web services to enable integration with other data types, such as physical oceanography, water chemistry, climate, and other types. It can integrate application-critical details such as absence, abundance, effort, method, and tracking. Over time, OBIS-USA aims to further identify and innovate yet more categories of important biological observations and details.
The USGS South Florida Information Access (SOFIA) Web site was established in 1994 to provide interdisciplinary access in support of research, decisionmaking, and resource management for the South Florida ecosystem restoration effort.
SOFIA focuses on the projects and products of the South Florida PES Initiative, as well as related projects and products from other information providers, including Federal, state and local agencies; universities; and non-governmental organizations.
SOFIA personnel include a cross-bureau team of scientists, information managers, and informatics specialists working in close collaboration with partner and client agencies outside the USGS.
The GLRI database is meant to provide easy access to USGS Great Lakes data and report findings of data collection and research activities funded by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative.
Initial work has focused on metadata cataloging, data access, and manipulation tools. Going forward, the metadata catalog will be populated with general USGS data, project summaries, project input, and project output metadata and where applicable, individual project pages or applications will be created.
The Downscaled Climate Data Portal is a tool to translate gridded time series climate data to landscape polygons. The Downscaled Climate Data Portal provides access to a growing catalog of climate datasets. Users can also use the Downscaled Climate Data Portal to access datasets not in the catalog if they are available via a common set of Web service standards.
USGS NWIS supports the acquisition, processing, storage, and dissemination of information about water quantity and quality collected at over 1.5 million sites including all 50 States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. As a long-term database and information delivery system, NWIS provides continual access to data collected over the last 100+ years, as well as real-time data on surface water, groundwater, water quality, water quantity, and more.
PNAMP is a forum to facilitate collaboration around aquatic monitoring topics of interest, promote best practices for monitoring, and encourage coordination and integration of monitoring activities as appropriate. PNAMP partners conduct aquatic monitoring within the watersheds, estuaries, and coastal zones of the Pacific Northwest. The need to design monitoring that informs multiple objectives and the effectiveness of management actions are key interests of PNAMP partners.
PNAMPís new tool, Monitoring Resources provides a network of information and tools to support many facets of ecological and biological monitoring. This suite of integrated web tools are free, and help users plan, document and implement effective, efficient, monitoring projects and support coordination and integration of monitoring, data management and data sharing. Examples of tools include the Monitoring Explorer which allow users to find monitoring sites and data.
Other Catalogs & PortalsThere are many additional portals for USGS data, including Data.gov. This listing provides information about some example non-USGS data catalogs and portals, and is by no means all-inclusive or complete.
"Data.gov is the home of the U.S. Government's open data.
You can find Federal, state and local data, tools, and resources to conduct research, build apps, design data visualizations, and more." (From https://www.data.gov/about)
Data.gov is the signature initiative of the broader Open Data effort, designed to more effectively share U.S. governmental data. Agencies, including USGS, are making concerted efforts to effectively describe and share their data resources, and integrate them across agency boundaries. A range of communities available in data.gov provide thematic and focused views of select topics.
Publishing USGS Data to Data.gov
USGS publishing to data.gov, and official tracking of Open Data via the Open Data Initiative, both occur via the USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC). The SDC provides access to high quality, approved USGS resources.
USGS data.gov Points of Contact liaise with data.gov and the broader Open Data initiative, including coordinating QA/QC of USGS resources in response to data.gov and community requests, facilitating entry of USGS resources from the SDC into data.gov, and fulfiling Open Data reporting requirements for the bureau.
USGS data.gov PoCs include:
Nancy Sternberg (primary), firstname.lastname@example.org
Please cc all data.gov PoCs with any requests or questions as to how to prepare or publish USGS data to data.gov.
ONEMercury is a DataONE search tool for scientific data. The primary way for users to find data in DataONE is through the ONEMercury Web-based search interface. DataONE has developed additional search tools, data management planning tools, and related capabilities, all listed on the Investigator Toolkit page. In addition, DataONE hosts an application programming interface (API) to access DataONE resources, which is described in the DataONE Developer Resources.